Raw Food Explained: Life Science
Today only $37 (discounted from $197)
Peptic ulcers occur most commonly in the first part of the duodenum where it is known as a duodenal ulcer. They are also common along the curvature of the stomach and are called gastric ulcers. They may occur in other sites but duodenal and gastric ulcers are by far the most common.
The roots of diet manipulation in the treatment of patients with peptic ulcer extends far back in medical history. As early as the first century, Celsus ordered smooth diets free of “acrid” food, and practitioners of the seventh century wrote of their belief in “special healing properties” of milk for patients with digestive disturbances. In the first half of the nineteenth century, peptic ulcer became established as a pathologic and clinical entity, and physicians generally advocated a liberal dietary regimen with frequent feedings.
However, in the latter part of the nineteenth century, a radical change developed in medical opinion concerning peptic ulcer treatment. The belief spread that food was harmful to the ulcer, and only complete rest—meaning an empty stomach—would allow the stomach to heal itself. Fasting regimens became the accepted practice among European physicians and were soon introduced in the United States.
Dr. J. H. Tilden, one of the early Hygienic practitioners advocated the fast for peptic ulcer patients. He said, “When disease has been suspected, or if suspected and not properly treated until hemorrhage has taken place, the patient must be kept quiet in bed, without any food, for at least forty-eight hours after the hemorrhage ceases.”
Hereward Carrington endorsed the fast as an effective means for regeneration and renewal. In his book, Vitality, Fasting and Nutrition, he says: “The moment the last morsel of food is digested, and the stomach emptied, a general reconstructive process begins; a new tissue formation, owing to the fact that the broken-down cells are being replaced by healthy ones—which is Nature’s method of repairing any destroyed or injured part of the organism. This replacement of cells means gradual replacement of tissue; replacement of tissue means that a new stomach has been created—a stomach in every sense of the word new—as new as every anatomical sense as is the filling in wounds, or between the fractured ends of bones.”
Many early Hygienic practitioners endorsed the fast for ulcer sufferers including Dr. George Weger, Dr. Sylvester Graham, Dr. R.T. Trall, Dr. James C. Jackson, and others. Their success cannot be denied and indeed many patients who were considered “hopeless” by the orthodox physicians became well under the Hygienic regime endorsed by these pioneers.
Apparently, however, this “natural” regime was too easy and simple for the medical physicians to accept. Then in 1915, an American physician Bertram Sippy rejected the practice of fasting and established a regimen of dietary control and alkaline medication. Sippy introduced the principle of frequent feedings that is still followed by many dietitians today.
Sippy’s traditional diet was based on the principles that the food must be both acid neutralizing and nonirritating. His diet, therefore, according to his theory began with milk and cream feedings every hour or so, to neutralize free acid with the milk protein, suppress gastric secretion with the cream, and generally “soothe” the ulcer by coating the stomach. Although these principles are used today his assumptions have not been supported by research. Since he also claimed the food should be non-irritating, he eliminated very hot or very cold food, spices, seasonings, coffee, tea, alcohol, raw foods and whole grains.
In over 50 years of experience, Dr. Shelton found that patients with peptic ulcers regained a superb state of health following the initial fast and then following a diet of raw ripe fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds.
The orthodox approach today is divided between diet therapy utilizing the “bland diet” as outlined by Bertram Sippy and a more liberal diet allowing “anything the patient desires to eat” except possibly eliminating black pepper and the more irritating foods and beverages. Along with this diet therapy, drug treatment is invariably given and surgery is performed in the most chronic cases, especially when there is hemorrhage.
Why Peptic Ulcers Are Developed
According to the Merck Manual, “Peptic ulcer occurs only if the stomach secretes acid.” It goes on to say, “Most people secrete acid; some develop ulcers and others do not.” This is misleading. Everyone secretes acid, in fact, it is imperative for protein digestion. Hydrochloric acid is secreted for this reason. Then why doesn’t everyone develop peptic ulcers? There are many factors to take into consideration, but dietary habits play an important part in the etiology of this disease.
Many people abuse their stomachs with a diet that is primarily, if not entirely, acid forming. For example, a diet that consists principally of meat, bread and pastries would be definitely acid forming. The parietal cells of the gastric glands secrete the hydrochloric acid from chlorides such as sodium chloride, found in the blood. The chloride ion combines with the hydrogen ion and is then secreted upon the free surface of the stomach as hydrochloric acid.
In normal gastric juice it is found in the proportion of about 0.5 percent, having a pH value of about 1. It serves to activate pepsinogen and convert it to pepsin, a digestive, proteolytic enzyme, and to provide an acid medium which is necessary for the pepsin to carry on its digestive functions; to swell and denature the food protein giving easier access to pepsin; to help in the hydrolysis of sugar and starch.
Most Americans use an excessive amount of salt (sodium chloride) on their food (any amount is excessive). This could be one reason for an abnormal secretion of hydrochloric acid in people with peptic ulcers. Sodium chloride is essential for normal digestion but only that form that is obtained from natural sources such as found in tomatoes, celery, lettuce, cucumbers, avocados, etc. When we obtain this mineral from natural food sources, imbalances and excesses do not occur.
Meat in itself contains many acids that are difficult for our body to handle, for example uric acid. It also requires a large amount of hydrochloric acid for its difficult digestion. Continued abuse will eventually weaken an organ or gland and may result in abnormalities. Thus, hydrochloric acid could continue to be excreted in excess even when not needed in such large amounts. However, continued abuse weakens; rest restores. So fasting is the logical step to restore function to a deranged organ.
Other factors can result in peptic ulcers as well. Alcohol, cigarette smoking and coffee drinking are causative factors. Stress has been implicated as a common factor. Certain drugs, such as aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, reserpine, and possibly corticosteroids may initiate the formation of an ulcer. These ulcers tend to heal when the drug is discontinued and are unlikely to recur unless the drug is taken again.
Development of Ulcers
A single ulcer is most common, but two and occasionally more (duodenal, gastric, or both) do occur. Ulcers penetrate into the submucosa or muscular layer. A thin layer of gray or white exudate usually covers the crater base which is composed of fibroid, granulation, and fibrous tissue layers.
Duodenal ulcers are almost always benign, but a gastric ulcer may be malignant. Keep in mind, however, that this situation does not occur overnight. The same pattern of events must first occur as in all other disease processes. Beginning with enervation, the stages of diseases run through toxicosis, irritation, inflammation until we arrive at ulceration. If the causes are not removed by this time, the process will run through induration and end in cancer.
The time to halt the development of ulcers is at the first sign of enervation. A fast and a thorough examination of your lifestyle is in order at this point. If the process has run further along the stages leading to ulceration, health can still be restored through a physiological rest and adherent to a healthful lifestyle.
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms vary with the location of the ulcer and the person’s age. Some people may not notice any symptoms; others notice them when some severe symptom such as hemorrhage or obstruction develops. The “typical” pain is described as burning, gnawing, or aching, but the distress may also be described as soreness, an empty feeling or hunger. The pain may be steady, mild or moderately severe.
Dr. Shelton tells us to stop eating whenever there is any discomfort at all and this is good advice. By following this rule, you may interrupt the development of the ulcer and halt the reason for its occurrence. But you must also stop those bad habits that caused the irritation in the first place. In other words, it does no good to fast and then go back to your old eating habits. You must remove the cause.
In people with duodenal ulcers, the pain, often tends to follow a consistent pattern; it is absent when the person awakens, but appears in mid-morning. It disappears after eating, but recurs two or three hours after a meal. Pain often awakens the sufferer at 1 or 2 a.m. Frequently, the pain occurs once or more each day for one to several weeks, and may then disappear. However, recurrence is usual, if the cause of the distress is not removed.
With medical treatment, symptoms are palliated with drugs. Under this type of treatment, healing may occur, but takes six weeks or longer. Most often, however, true healing does not occur at all and more than 50% of the people have recurrent pain within two years of completing treatments.
When tissue is damaged, as in an ulcer, an attempt is made by the cells of the tissues to restore the structure and function to normal. To do this, it is necessary first to remove the damaged material and secondly to replace it by proliferation of pre-existing cells.
Cells have a limited life and are replaced by a process of cell division of pre-existing similar cells. Cell division and proliferation is mainly done in the bone marrow of the ribs, sternum, pelvis and spine. The dividing cells may be a mature specialized cells which produces two similar daughter cells. Often, cells which divide are “stem” cells, one of which stays in the stem cell pool in the bone marrow to divide again. The other daughter cell either matures itself, or divides again to form two “grand-daughters” which mature and differentiate into specialized cells.
Healing of an ulcer is the same as wound healing. When the skin is broken, the tissue is first sealed by plasma which leaks from the severed ends of small capillary blood vessels. It clots forming a glue-like substance which binds the sites of the wound together. This substance is largely protein in nature.
Small buds of cytoplasm from the capillary lining cells move into the clot where they fuse in the middle. The neutrophils and macrophages now move to the site and remove debris and phagocytosis. Fibroblasts begin to synthesize collagen fibers which are laid down in amounts greater than normally found in the skin. This forms the scar tissue which is normally seen after healing of any cut. The epithelial cells move and divide and eventually restore the skin to normal proportions.
The body has this system of healing that restores health and integrity to any severed part. Nothing we can do (in the form of drugs and treatments) will do any healing. The best thing to do is to “intelligently do nothing.”
Under a Hygienic regimen, healing occurs perfectly and completely with no recurrences as long as the person strays with the healthful lifestyle outline for him. That is, proper rest and sleep, proper food and water, pure air and sunshine, exercise, emotional poise, etc.
Orthodox treatment for gastric and duodenal ulcer is designed to neutralize or decrease gastric acidity, even when gastric acidity is normal in patients with gastric ulcer. Sedatives or tranquilizers are given to those people who show anxiety or depression.
Keep in mind that health can never be restored with this system of palliation. It can only result in worse diseases and complications. Let us now examine some specific treatments given to these patients and see where their weaknesses lie.
Most physicians do not educate their clients regarding a proper diet. Although they often suggest eliminating spicy and fatty foods, coffee, tea, cocoa, and cola drinks, their dietary recommendations are not conducive to health. The “bland diet” is still recommended by some, and this diet could not keep a well person healthy—much less contribute to the restoration of health to a sick individual.
After the fast, a diet of fresh raw fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds should be introduced. At the very beginning, it may be necessary to start with blended fruits or fruit juices and the most tender succulent vegetables. Nuts may be taken in the form of nut milks. Very soon, however, whole fruits and vegetables will be handled very well. If a person stays on this diet and does not overeat, peptic ulcers will not recur.
Antacids give symptomatic relief but do not restore health as causes have not been removed or corrected. There are two types of antacids. The first is absorbable antacids. Sodium bicarbonate and calcium carbonate, the most potent antacids, are occasionally taken for short-term symptomatic relief, but because they are absorbable, continuous use may result in alkalosis. Since symptoms of this toxicity are not distinctive (nausea, headache, weakness), the disorder may progress unrecognized to kidney damage.
It is essential that the body maintain a proper acid-base balance. The problem of regulating acid-base balance is essentially one of preventing alterations in hydrogen ion concentration secondary to the continuous formation and expulsion of the acid end products of metabolism.
The acidity of a solution is determined by the concentration of hydrogen ions. Acidity is conveniently expressed by the symbol pH. Neutral solutions have a pH of 7. The pH of a strongly basic, or alkaline, solution may be as high as 14, while that of an acidic solution can be less than 1. The pH of extracellular fluid in health is maintained at a slightly alkaline level between 7.35 and 7.45. To prevent acidosis or alkalosis, several special control systems are available in the body:
1. All the body fluids contain buffer systems which prevent excessive changes in hydrogen ion concentrations.
2. The respiratory center is Stimulated by changes in the carbon dioxide and hydrogen ion concentrations to alter pulmonary ventilation, which affects the rate of carbon dioxide removal from bodily fluids. Since carbon dioxide forms a weak acid in solution, its removal lowers the hydrogen ion concentration.
3. The kidneys also respond to changes in hydrogen ion concentration by excreting either an acid or an alkaline urine.
These control systems operate together in the maintenance of the body fluid pH. The buffer system can act within a fraction of a second, whereas the respiratory system takes one to three minutes to readjust the hydrogen ion concentration after a sudden change. The kidneys, although the most powerful of, all, acid-base regulatory systems, require from several hours to a day to readjust the hydrogen ion concentrations.
A solution that has a tendency to resist changes in its pH when treated with strong acids or bases is called a buffer. A buffer solution contains weak acid or base and a salt of this acid or base. In biological fluids the bicarbonate-carbonic acid system, the phosphate system, the hemoglobin-oxyhemoglobin system, and the proteins act as the principal buffers in the regulation of pH.
The sodium bicarbonate-carbonic acid buffer system is present in all bodily fluids. It should be noted that carbonic acid is a weak acid; that is, it binds its hydrogen ions strongly. If a strong acid (one that is loosely attached to hydrogen), such as hydrochloric acid is added, it reacts almost immediately with the bicarbonate to form carbonic acid and sodium chloride.
The system operates by changing the strong acid into a weak acid and successfully prevents a major change in pH. The fact that the carbonic acid can easily be reduced to carbon, dioxide and water and removed from the body through respiration greatly enhances the combined efficiency of these mechanisms in responding to changes in hydrogen ion concentration.
If a strong base such as sodium hydroxide is added, the carbonic acid reacts immediately with it to form sodium bicarbonate and water. Again the buffer mechanism has prevented a major change in pH by changing a strong base into the less alkaline sodium bicarbonate.
When an excess of sodium bicarbonate and calcium carbonate is present, abnormal alterations in acid-base balance occur, resulting in a state of alkalosis.
Another type of antacids given to peptic ulcer sufferers is the nonabsorbable antacids. These antacids are relatively insoluble salts of weak bases. Suspended antacids present a large surface area of interaction with hydrochloric acid; this activity forms nonabsorbed or poorly-absorbed salts, thereby increasing gastric pH. The activity of pepsin diminishes as the pH rises above 2. Complications can also arise here, too, when there is such interference with acid-base balance and continued use can also result in alkalosis although not as quickly.
Aluminum hydroxide is another antacid commonly used. Phosphate depletion may develop as a result of binding of phosphate by aluminum in the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms include anorexia, weakness and malaise. If there is bone resorption to compensate for phosphorus loss, urine calcium raises and there may be bone pain. If depletion is sufficiently severe and continues over years, osteomalacia may develop. Aluminum hydroxide also binds fluoride and this too may contribute to osteomalacia.
Since calcium and phosphorus are intimately related in metabolism, two ratios between them are significant.
1. the dietary calcium to phosphorus ratio affects absorption of these minerals; for adults a 1:1 1/2 ratio of calcium to phosphorus is required.
2. the serum calcium to phosphorus ratio is the solubility product of the two minerals in the serum.
An increase in one mineral causes a decrease in the other to maintain a constant product of the two. The normal serum level of calcium is 10 mg. per 100 ml.; of phosphorus, 4 mg. per 100 ml. in adults.
If this ratio is unbalanced, the body will compensate by drawing on its stores to compensate. Therefore, an excess of phosphorus will result in the withdrawal of calcium from body stores—which may come from the bones.
Magnesium salt is frequently given to people with ulcers in spite of the fact that it often results in diarrhea. This is a clear indication that the body cannot utilize this inorganic mineral and finds a way to quickly dispose of it.
Anticholinergics impede the impulses or action of the fibers of the parasympathetic nerves. They are given to delay emptying of the stomach and thus prolong antacid retention. These drugs often result in dry mouth and blurred vision.
Upon administration of this type of drug, a worse condition is immediately incurred. With delayed emptying of the stomach, fermentation and putrefaction of food materials are very likely to occur. This results in the liberation of extremely toxic by-products of this decaying process. The end result is a worsening of the toxicosis that is already present in all peptic ulcer patients.
We should strive to eliminate toxicosis and certainly do nothing to contribute to it. Why should you compound a problem by ingesting these toxic substances? You are immediately creating two problems: First, the addition of toxins from the drug itself and second, the interference of that drug with normal bodily processes.
Histamine h3 Receptor Blocking Agents
Many physicians use histamine h3 receptor blocking agents. Histamine is widely distributed in tissues, the highest concentrations are in skin, lungs and stomach. The specific homeostatic function of histamine remains unclear. Its actions in man are exerted primarily on the cardiovascular system, extravascular smooth muscle, and exocrine glands, and they appear to be mediated by two distinct histamine receptors, termed H1 and h3.
The effects of histamine h3 receptor in the exocrine glands is to stimulate gastric acid secretion. The drug Cimetidine is given to patients with gastric ulcers to block the stimulation of gastric acid by histamine and thereby reduce gastric acidity. Being a new drug, its toxic effects have not yet been proven but we know that all drugs are toxic and interference in any bodily function is contradictory.
Again, this drug does nothing but suppress symptoms and causes are not even given a thought. There is no “cure” with cimetidine. In some cases the ulcers will temporarily heal, but will reappear because the same conditions that resulted in the ulcer in the first place still exist.
Requirements To Heal Peptic Ulcers
REST. That is the main requirement. When the stomach is given to a total rest, the ulcers will heal. During the first two or four days, there will be some pain but soon the gastric juices will subside and there will be no pain after that for the remaining of the fast. Dr. Shelton found this to be true for the many people who fasted under his supervision with gastric ulcers. This is the most effective, surest, and safest way to attain proper healing.
When this method is employed, there will be no recurrences. Following the fast, however, old habits must not be resumed. Smoking, alcohol and coffee drinking must be eliminated and a healthful diet must be adhered to. In addition to this; an exercise program should be initiated and the other requirements for health met for optimum health.
Other Types Of Ulcers
Ulcerative colitis is a condition where the colon becomes inflamed and, due to constant irritation and toxemia, ulcers develop. There is moderate to severe diarrhea with loss of blood in some cases.
This is a very serious condition where a situation has developed due to a long period of abuse. This condition only arises when an extreme toxicosis exists throughout the body. It develops due to improper eating and drinking habits—fried foods, meats, refined and processed foods, etc.; lack of exercise; lack of fresh air and sunshine; lack of sleep; stress; etc.
Most physicians do not restrict the diet of such patients except in the use of raw fruits and vegetables. They say that the roughage in these foods are too irritating for the patient to handle. In truth, these are the only foods that will promote health. However, it is important that such patients first initiate healing of the colon. The fast is in order for all such conditions. This fast, however, must be taken under the supervision of a person who is experienced in conducting fasts.
To document the effectiveness of the fast in regard to the healing of ulcerative colitis, read Triumph Over Disease by Fasting by Dr. Jack Goldstein. In this book Dr. Goldstein tells of his experiences with ulcerative colitis. He ran the gamut of all the orthodox treatments but he only became worse.
After reading some books on Natural Hygiene, he undertook a six-week fast followed by a natural-foods diet. He was so much improved that he was soon able to return to work. Several subsequent fasts allowed his body to completely regenerate and heal so he is now in superb health. I highly recommend that you read this book.
Many people experience acute diarrhea and colitis when on a diet that contains dairy products. These symptoms occur due to lactose deficiency. Lactose is the sugar in milk that most adults cannot tolerate due to lack of the enzyme lactase that is needed to split the lactose into the mono-saccharides glucose and galactose.
It therefore becomes a toxic component to the body. The case in milk is also indigestible because we lack rennin to break down this protein. Thus, a case of toxicosis is initiated. This debilitates all bodily systems and in some, results in colitis. If incorrect dietary habits are persisted in, the colitis may evolve into ulcerative colitis.
Ulcers on the Skin
When a condition of toxicosis exists throughout the body, the skin may be used as an outlet for its toxic overload. Through a process of autolysis, a break in the skin will be made. This is done by the autolytic enzyme called lysosome. This enzyme is liberated from the cell and is capable of digesting protein tissue. Soon, a small pustule will appear on the skin. This may take the form of a pimple, boil or cyst. The pustule will enlarge in size until it really liberates its toxic contents. This is the body’s method of housecleaning and the procedure should not be interfered with.
Tremendous improvements have been made during a fast for such conditions. Pustules enlarge and empty their toxic contents during the fast and healing then takes place, this process unburdens the body, alleviates toxicosis, and suits in a generally-improved state of health. If, anywhere during the course of this process, a drug is taken to oppress the symptoms, the toxic matter will be redirected back into the system.
Now the crisis becomes more severe toxicosis increases. The body must now initiate a more desperate attempt to eliminate its overload and a more stressful type of “disease” follows. You can see how much more sense it makes to cooperate with your body at the first sign of “disease” (housecleaning). The body will purify itself and homeostasis will be maintained.
Valved veins of the lower limb are of three types: deep vains, perforator veins, and superficial veins. Venous flow most efficient during muscular activity when the contracting muscles compress the sinusoids (minute blood vessles) and deep veins, thereby pumping the blood toward le heart; the direction of flow is controlled by the venous valves.
Veins function to conduct blood from the peripheral tissue to the heart. Blood pressure in these vessels is extremely low compared to that in the arterial system, and blood must exit at an even lower pressure, creating a need or a special mechanism whereby blood will be kept moving on its return to the heart rather than being allowed to pool and create more resistance to capillary flow.
To achieve this, veins possess a unique system of valves. They serve to direct the flow of blood to the heart, particularly in an upward direction, preventing backflow when closed, movement of blood in veins toward the heart is brought about largely by the massaging action of contracting skeletal muscles and by the pressure gradient created by-breathing when, during inspiration, the pressure in the thoracic cavity decreases and the pressure in the abdominal cavity increases. Insufficiency of the valves can cause veins to become varicose, that is, swollen with accumulated blood, knotted, and painful.
The veins lose their elasticity as a result of the continuous distention. Varicosity commonly occurs in the superficial veins of the lower extremities, which are subject, to strain when the individual stands for long periods of time. Obesity hastens their development.
Initially, superficial veins are tense and may be palpated but are not visible. Subsequently, they become visibly dilated or painful. Eventually pigmentation (from red blood cells diffusion through the capillaries), eczema, edema, subcutaneous induration and ulceration occur. The ulceration is usually small, superficial, and very painful because of exposure of nerve endings. These ulcerations may start following minor trauma to an area of pigmentation, induration, eczema, or edema, and are usually chronic by the time they are seen.
Treatment usually consists of compression “with hosiery, injection of the veins, or surgery. As with any such treatment, causes are not removed and health is not restored. Dr. Shelton advocated the fast for all cases of varicose veins. He said, “For more than 40 years I have advocated the employment of the fast in cases, of varicose ulcers. In many such cases that I have cared for, I have not had one to fail of healing.”
Also in regard to varicose ulcers and fasting, Dr. Shelton quotes Dr. Harry Clements. He cites an article that appeared in The Lancet, June 15, 1968, entitled “Fasting for Obesity,” the article read, “Perhaps the most unexpected effect was the rapid healing of varicose ulcers. Case 10 had had ulceration continuously for 18 years, following an operation on her varicose veins, but after six weeks starvation the ulcers had completely healed whereas case 12 had ulcers which had remained active for seven years in spite of seven months’ treatment in 1964, yet they healed in three weeks.”
The body will heal when provided with the proper conditions for healing and repair. As with all toxic conditions, rest is the primary condition, and the fast met that requirement.
Frequently Asked Questions
How does stress affect the formation of peptic ulcers?
Dr. Hans Selye found that ulcers may occur if there is an excess secretion of the anti-inflammatory hormone produced by the adrenal glands. This hormone is ecreted in larger amounts during stress. This might be an litiating factor in the formation of ulcers, but they would not occur in a simultaneous condition of toxicosis did not ccur.
Is it true that taking supplements of zinc will result in healing of gastric ulcers?
Some researchers have found that gastric ulcers heal more rapidly when zinc was administered. However, this is an illusion. The body will wall off any poisonous substance to preserve its integrity. Inorganic zinc is a toxic substance and, like any other drug, cannot heal or result in health for the individual taking such supplements.
Raw Food Explained: Life Science
Today only $37 (discounted from $197)