Raw Food Explained: Life Science
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The Gastrointestinal Tract
The gastrointestinal tract begins with the mouth and ends with the anus. Disease symptoms may arise anywhere along that route if we do not follow the Laws of Life, i.e., if we live unhealthfully. A few of the most common “diseases” will be discussed and the reason for their occurrence. It is not necessary to elaborate upon every disease known, as all diseases stem from a common cause—toxicosis. First of all, it is necessary for you to have a brief review of the function and structure of the normal gastrointestinal tract.
The tongue, composed primarily of striated muscles and covered by mucous membrane, plays important roles in the mastication of food and in the act of swallowing. The teeth have an important role in the mechanical mastication of food prior to swallowing.
Solid food taken into the mouth is reduced by mastication into smaller particles to facilitate swallowing. Food in the mouth also is mixed with saliva, which moistens and lubricates the food mass. In addition, digestion of starches commences in the mouth by the action of ptyalin in the saliva.
The chief source of ptyalin (salivary a-amylase) is the glands in the mouth. Ptyalin acts most effectively at an optimal pH of 6.7, and it catalyzes hydrolysis of starch into two disaccharides, maltose and isomaltose. In le stomach, ptyalin may act for up to an hour in the center of the food mass before the fundic contents are mixed with acid gastric secretions.
Once pH of the food in the stomach declines below 4.0, the activity of ptyalin is inhibited. Before this inhibition takes place, up to 40 percent of ingested starches will have been converted into maltose by ptyalin. The activity of ptyalin is also inhibited by the presence of protein because he presence of any protein food in the stomach initiates the secretion of the hydrochloric acid for its digestion. Therefore we recommend that proteins and starches not be eaten together.
As digestive enzymes act solely at the surface of food particles, the rate of digestion is related directly to the extent to which food is masticated.
The Pharynx and Esophagus
The pharynx is the portion of the digestive tract serving is a passageway for both the respiratory and digestive systems.
The esophagus is a long, straight tube extending from the pharynx to the stomach. Passage of food is facilitated by ordinary gravitational forces, as well as by the type and arangement of muscles in the tube itself. It is located between the trachea and the vertebral column. Esophageal glands serve to lubricate food during its passage from the pharynx to the stomach.
The stomach is the most widely-dilated portion of the digestive tract. It functions to store and digest food. In the stomach, solid food ultimately is converted into a semifluid mass by contraction of the muscular wall combined with mixture of the food with the glandular secretions of the gastric mucous membrane. Although food in the upper region of the stomach may remain solid for relatively long periods, food becomes transformed into a pulpy fluid mass (chyme) in the lower part of the organ.
Chyme is then ejected into the small intestine in small quantities once a proper consistency has been achieved.
The stomach consists of three parts: the fundus, an upper portion ballooning toward the left; a body; the central portion; and the pyloric portion (antrum), a relatively constricted portion at the terminal end just before the entrance into the duodenum.
The cardia is the opening between the esophagus and the stomach. The pylorus is the opening between the stomach and the duodenum. The circular muscle layer is thickened in the pyloric region to form the pyloric sphincter.
Cells of the gastric glands secrete a total volume ranging between two and three liters per day. This digestive fluid contains a number of substances. In addition, gastric mucous cells and glands secrete a thick alkaline mucus that forms a thin coating on the stomach wall. Thus, it is of great importance in protecting the epithelial lining of the stomach.
The gastric glands secrete digestive juices. Of particular significance are the chief cells that secrete pepsinogen and parietal cells that secrete hydrochloric acid.
Pepsinogen. The proteolytic enzyme pepsin, which degrades ingested proteins into polypeptides, is secreted by chief cells of the stomach in an inactive form, pepsinogen. When pepsinogen is secreted into the gastric lumen, it contacts hydrochloric acid and pepsin which had been formed earlier. Cleavage of the pepsinogen molecule now occurs so that more active pepsin is produced. Pepsin is active enzymatically only in a highly-acidic medium (optimum pH 2.0); it is inactivated above a pH of 5.0. Consequently, secretion of hydrochloric acid is essential to protein digestion in the stomach by pepsin.
Hydrochloric Acid. Parietal cells of the gastric glands secrete free hydrochloric acid into the lumen of the stomach. These cells can perform the osmotic work necessary to concentrate hydrogen ions to a level of over 4,000,000 times greater than in arterial blood.
Energy for hydrocholoric acid secretion is provided by aerobic glycolysis. That is, the conversion of glycogen into glucose. Energy is needed for the transport of hydrogen ions across the membrane of the parietal cell1. Chloride ion also is secreted actively by the parietal cells.
Histamine and Gastric Acid Secretion
Histamine is a powerful stimulant to gastric acid secretion, and the action of histamine is mediated by cyclic adenosine monophosphate. As the gastric mucosa normally has a high concentration of histamine, liberation of this compound has been implicated as the chemical mediator in stimulation of acid secretions.
Chemical agents in addition to histamine also appear to have a role in acid secretion by the stomach, for example, gastrin.
The Small Intestine
The small intestine extends from the pyloric sphincter to the cecum, the first portion of the large intestine. It is approximately 18 feet in length and is divided into three portions: the duodenum, jejunum and ileum. The duodenum is the shortest, widest and most fixed portion of the small intestine. It receives secretions of the liver and pancreas.
The small intestine has three major functions: 1) to transport chyme onward from the stomach; 2) to continue digestion of chyme by means of special digestive juices elaborated by intrinsic and accessory glands; and 3) to absorb nutrients produced by the digestion of various foodstuffs.
This organ exhibits two important structural modifications that greatly enlarge the total surface area for absorption of nutrients, but without increasing its total length. These modifications are the grossly visible plicae circulares and the microscopic intestinal villi.
Plicae Circulares. Plicae circulares are permanent ridge-like folds that extend into the lumen of the intestine. The plicae not only increase the absorptive area of the intestine, but also mix chyme and digestive juices and slow the rate of transport of chyme so that more thorough absorption of
nutrients can occur.
Intestinal Villi. Intestinal villi are minute flattened (in the duodenum) or fingerlike (in the ileum) projections of the mucous membrane that cover the entire surface of the intestinal mucosa.
Enzymes of the Small Intestine
Many enzymes are found in the small intestine:
- A number of peptidases are present. These substances are proteolytic enzymes that cleave polypeptides into their constituent amino acids.
- A small quantity of intestinal amylase is present. This enzyme converts polysaccharides into disaccharides.
- Four enzymes are present in the intestinal fluids that split disaccharides into monosaccharides. These include sucrose, maltase, isomaltase and lactose(in children).
- An intestinal lipase is also present, and this enzyme degrades neutral fats into fatty acids and glycerol.
Accessory Digestion Secretions Pancreatic Secretion
The pancreas secretes between 1,200 and 2,000 ml/day of digestive fluid rich in bicarbonate and a number of enzymes. The pH of pancreatic juice is about 8.0. This alkalinity, together with the neutrality or slight alkalinity of the bile and intestinal juices, neutralizes acidity of the gastric chyme as it enters the duodenum. The pH of duodenal chyme is raised to between 6.0 and 7.0. Therefore, when chyme reaches the jejunum it is approximately neutral. Consequently, the intestinal contents almost never exhibit an acidic reaction.
Pancreatic juice contains a number of potent enzymes for digestion of proteins, carbohydrates, fats and other compounds. The proteolytic enzymes secreted by the pancreas include trypsin and two chymotrypsins. These enzymes cleave whole and partially-digested proteins.
Carboxypeptidase is a pancreatic enzyme that attacks peptide chains at their ends, thereby liberating the terminal amino acid with its free carboxyl group. In addition, a ribonuclease and deoxyribonuclease are present in pancreatic juice. These enzymes split ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid, respectively. Pancreatic a-amylase hydrolyzes starches, glycogen and many other carbohydrates into disaccharides. However, this enzyme does not hydrolyze cellulose, an important polysaccharide found in plant material. Pancreatic lipase hydrolyzes neutral fats into glycerol and fatty acids.
Bile is secreted continuously by hepatic cells and excreted via a system of ducts into the bile duct and eventually passes into the duodenum.
Bile is a complex fluid containing a number of components. It contains no digestive enzymes, but is of importance in digestion because of the bile salts it contains. Bile salts perform the important task of emulsifying fats in the intestine, thereby increasing enormously the total surface area of these substances exposed to the action of pancreatic and intestinal lipases. Exclusion of bile from the intestine results in a loss of up to 25 percent of ingested fat in the feces.
The Large Intestine
The large intestine differs from the small intestine in several ways, including its greater width and the following characteristics:
- There are no villi on the surface of the mucosa.
- The glands are of greater depth, are more closely packed, and contain many goblet cells.
- The longitudinal muscle layer of the cecum and colon is limited to three bands, visible on the surface, called teniae coli.
- Many extensions of fat-filled peritoneum are apparent along the free border of the colon.
The cecum, or first portion of the large intestine, is an elongated pouch situated in the right lower portion of the abdomen. Attached to its base is a slender tube, the appendix.
The ascending colon extends upward from the cecum on the right posterior abdominal wall to the undersurface of the liver just anterior to the right kidney. The transverse colon overlies the coils of the small intestine and crosses the abdominal cavity from right to left below the stomach.
The descending colon begins near the spleen, passing downward on the left side of the abdomen to the iliac crest to become the pelvic colon. The descending colon is six inches in length and does not possess a mesentery. The pelvic, or sigmoid, colon is so called because of its S-shaped course within the pelvic cavity.
Large Intestine Secretions
The large intestine is provided with enormous numbers of goblet cells both in the glands as well as on the mucosal surface. These cells secrete quantities of a viscous mucus having a pH around 8.0. This is the only major secretion of the large intestine. The mucus serves not only to protect and lubricate the intestinal wall, but to bind fecal material together. The mucus also serves to protect the colon from acids formed by the enormous amount of bacterial activity that takes place in the fecal matter itself.
Water and Electrolytes
Irritation of the intestinal mucosa (e.g., when a drug is taken such as a cathartic) results in secretion of large quantities of water and electrolytes in addition to mucus. This water and electrolyte secretion serves not only to dilute the irritant, but the colonic distension also stimulates rapid movement of the watery feces to the anus, causing diarrhea.
Water and electrolyte loss from a patient can result in dehydration of the body tissues and a severe electrolyte imbalance that can have rapidly fatal consequences, especially in infants.
Digestive System Disorders
Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea and vomiting may occur for several reasons but basically, they are the body’s way of telling you that it wants to “close down shop for repairs.” When hunger is not present and you are experiencing some nausea, you should not eat. The body must redirect all of its energies for the healing crisis that is going on within you. If food is taken at this time, it most likely will be vomited. Fast until hunger returns and health will be restored at the same time.
Nausea and vomiting will also occur when a poison is taken and the body dispels this substance in the quickest way that it can. This is your body’s way of preserving and protecting itself and we should admire and cooperate with its wisdom and not suppress its vital defensive processes with drugs.
The stimulation for vomiting initiates in the chemo-receptor trigger zone, cerebral cortex or vestibular apparatus of the brain or can be relayed directly from peripheral areas of the gastric mucosa. Most antiemetic drugs interfere with these neural pathways. Any time you interfere with normal body activity, you are creating a worse problem (plus the problems of the additional toxins ingested as the drug). Thus, the body may be so devitalized as to be unable to carry out its repairs.
“Dumping syndrome” illustrates the severe consequences of surgical interference. This syndrome may follow surgical drainage procedures, particularly with gastrectomy (partial or whole removal of stomach). Weakness, dizziness, sweating, nausea, vomiting and palpitation occur soon after eating. Symptoms of hypoglycemia may occur about two hours after a meal.
Usual recommendations include a high-protein diet and increased caloric intake, in the form of frequent small feedings of dry foods. A more rational approach would be frequent feedings of juicy fruits. These foods require no digestion in the stomach and pass through this organ quite rapidly.
After awhile, the body will compensate for its loss, but ideal health cannot be attained after organs have been removed. If you follow the Hygienic/Life Science program, you will not have the surgery that results in this “dumping syndrome.”
Appendicitis occurs when there is an extreme condition of toxicosis within the body. Under this condition, toxins accumulate in the appendix and inflammation occurs. Most physicians will tell you that “acute appendicitis results from bacterial invasion of the appendix.” While it is true that large numbers of bacteria will be found in the appendix of a toxic individual, the bacteria is not the cause of the disorder. The bacteria proliferate where there is an accumulation of toxic debris. Toxins accumulate due to unwholesome living practices.
The usual “cure” for appendicitis is surgery where the appendix is removed. Does this approach remove the cause for the inflammation? No. It removes the most obviously affected organ and cripples the sufferer. When the reasons for the toxicosis are removed, the appendix will heal and health will be restored. However, rest and fasting are essential during the acute phase of this “disease” so that the body will have every chance for repair. Those who have undergone an appendectomy are 17 times more likely to have bowel cancer.
Referring to the etiology of peritonitis, the Merck Manual says “… the most common causes are the infecting bacteria escherichia coli and streptococcus faecalis; other pathogens and occasionally fungi have been identified. Organisms or irritants escape from the intestinal tract most often following perforation of the appendix or a peptic ulcer. Peritonitis may also complicate any operation j in the abdominal cavity or may result from the spread of pelvic infection into the peritoneal cavity…”
This is the generally accepted concept, but it is an erroneous one. Bacteria and fungi are not causes of peritonitis although they are found associated with this condition, Toxicosis must first exist before inflammation of the peritoneum/begins. Irritants in the form of additional toxins may aggravate the situation. This condition may also be precipitated by the suppression of “disease” symptoms elsewhere, and the body has concentrated its toxins in this particular area.
Signs and Symptoms
Onset of this condition is marked by severe localized or diffuse abdominal pain. In the early stages, moderate abdominal distension is present, usually with nausea and vomiting and occasionally, diarrhea. Direct abdominal tenderness and marked muscle spasm are present. If the causes are not removed at this time, more severe symptoms will appear. They include fever, tachycardia, chills, rapid breathing and leukocytosis. Dehydration and acidosis may develop. The eyes become sunken and the mouth becomes dry; circulatory irregularities can occur.
If causes are not removed and symptoms are continually suppressed, acute renal failure, acute respiratory insufficiency and, sometimes, liver failure, may occur.
The usual treatment for peritonitis is antibiotic drugs and intravenous fluids. The rational mode of action is to rest and fast. Fluid replacement is necessary in cases of severe dehydration. If fasting is utilized at the onset of symptoms, recovery will be rapid.
Diarrhea is defined as “increased volume, fluidity, or frequency of bowel movements relative to the usual pattern for a particular individual.” This is accurate when applied to a normal healthy individual, but when applied to the abnormal pattern of the average unhealthy American, our definition may be somewhat lacking. So we must not look at “average” or “usual” patterns but to the ideally healthy state.
On a healthful fruit and vegetable diet, the stools should be soft but formed. Increase in stool frequency or fecal volume, marked changes in stool consistency, or blood, mucus or pus in the stool indicates that the body is initiating a “disease” (housecleaning) process.
There are several physiologic reasons why the body has chosen this particular route of elimination.
- Osmotic diarrhea occurs when excess nonabsorbable, water-soluble solutes are present in the bowel and retain water in the lumen. This occurs with lactose (due to the absence of lactase), and when such nonorganic salts (magnesium sulfate and sodium phosphate) are taken as saline laxatives. The body dilutes these toxins with increased secretions and quickly eliminates them.
Ingestion of large amounts of the hexitols, sorbitol and mannitol, used as sugar substitutes in dietetic foods, candy, and chewing gum, results in diarrhea by a combination of slow absorption and rapid small-bowel motility. Again, the body in its wisdom moves this toxic material along the digestive tract as rapidly as possible. The severity of symptoms is proportional to the amount consumed and the condition disappears as soon as the cause is discontinued, this is, when intake stops.
- Secretory diarrhea. The small and large bowels normally reabsorb salts and water which are ingested with our food or which reach the lumen as a consequence of digestive secretions. Diarrhea may occur when the small and large bowels secrete rather than absorb electrolytes and water. Substances which induce secretion include bile acids (after surgical interference on the ileum, such as ileal resection); unabsorbed dietary fat when this is taken in excess or in an indigestible form; cathartics, castor oil and other drugs.
- Malabsorption. Malabsorption may result in diarrhea by either of the above mechanisms. In generalized malabsorption, as may occur in severe toxicosis of the small intestine, fat malabsorption (resulting in colonic secretion) and carbohydrate malabsorption (resulting in osmotic diarrhea) can coexist.
- Exudative diarrhea. Some chronic conditions where a state of toxicosis has existed for some time (such as mucosal inflammation, ulceration or swelling) may result in an outpouring of plasma, serum proteins, blood, and mucus, thereby increasing fecal bulk and fluidity.
- Altered intestinal transit. Chyme must be exposed to an adequate absorptive surface of the gastrointestinal tract for a sufficient amount of time if normal absorption is to occur. When there has been surgical resection of the small or large bowel, gastric resection, surgery on the pyloric sphincter, or surgical bypass of intestinal segments, exposure time decreases. Drugs, toxic substances or hormonal agents speed transit by stimulating intestinal smooth muscle.
How to Correct the Reason for Diarrhea
The most effective means of overcoming the uncomfortable and inconvenient symptoms of diarrhea is to fast. The fast in itself does not “cure” this problem. But the fast will provide the conditions under which the body can eliminate the toxic burdens which caused the diarrhea in the first place. Even without a fast, good results can be achieved by merely adhering to a normal Hygienic diet of fresh raw fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds.
The body then has the materials to maintain normal health and repairs will take place. If surgery has taken place, recovery and a return to normal will take longer but the body will compensate for its partially missing organs, although total health may not be possible. In these cases, a normal Hygienic diet of moderate quantities correctly combined is the best course of action.
Above all, avoid all drugs. They will never produce health and will only result in more toxic conditions. Avoid also all refined and artificial food products, and all inorganic salts, minerals, etc.
Constipation is marked by difficult or infrequent passage of feces. On a normal diet of fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds, constipation will not occur. You need not even give it a thought. When your health is normal, your entire system works normally, including your bowels.
Acute constipation instigates a definite change of bowel habits. If constipation occurs, you should examine your diet and general lifestyle and correct those errors that resulted in this condition. Certain drugs will also result in constipation due to their enervating effect on the organism, especially their paralysis of peristaltic nerves.
Chronic constipation signifies a long-term abuse and general systemic debility. As with all “diseases” constipation should not be “treated” symptomatically but improvements in lifestyle will increase health in general and constipation will be self-corrected. On a normal diet of fruits, etc., you need not worry about getting enough bulk or enough electrolytes and water because they are all there in quantities that are optimal for exuberant health.
The most serious problems arise when any sort of drugs are taken to “remedy” this disorder.
Bulking agents, such as bran, psyllium and methyl cellulose are often given for chronic constipation. Although these agents are less toxic than other drugs given for the same purpose, they are quite irritating to the intestinal mucosa. They are prescribed for their “natural” effects and because they are “not habit-forming.” Why take any agent for a “natural” effect when you can receive better results naturally? That is, on a natural diet. Bulking agents, although not addictive in themselves, can nevertheless become habit forming if a person relies on them instead of correcting those errors that resulted in the constipation in the first place. Taking bulking agents does not remove the cause and it does not build health.
Laxatives and cathartics interfere with absorption of food nutrients. These drugs result in rapid peristalsis of the digestive tract and usually the food particles beyond their optimal absorptive locus. Laxatives and cathartics are divided into several classes:
- Wetting agents (detergent laxatives) soften the stool by increasing the wetting ability of the intestinal water. These break down surface barriers, allowing water to enter the fecal mass, soften it, and increase its bulk. Mineral oil is one example of a wetting agent. Mineral oil itself decreases absorption of fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamins A and E. Serious vitamin deficiencies could result if mineral oil is taken on a long-term basis.
- Osmotic agents or saline cathartics are used to prepare patients for some diagnostic bowel procedures and occasionally in the therapy of parasitic infestations. They contain poorly absorbed polyvalent ions (e.g., phosphate, magnesium, sulfate) and/or carbohydrate (e.g., lactose, sorbitol). Inorganic magnesium and phosphate are partially absorbed and may be detrimental, especially in cases where there is renal insufficiency. The sodium that is present in these preparations is also detrimental. These drugs also upset fluid and electrolyte balance.
- Secretory or stimulation cathartics, such as senna and its derivatives, cascara, phenolphtalein, bisacodyl, and castor oil irritate the intestinal mucosa and result in neuronal stimulation. With continued use, neuronal degeneration in the colon and “lazy bowel” syndrome occur. The normal peristaltic movements of the bowels become less and the person finds that he is taking these drugs with more frequency in order to have daily bowel movements. Serious fluid and electroylyte disturbances result.
The simple answer for constipation is to live normally. When you eat normally, exercise daily, procure sufficient rest, etc., bowel action will also be normal.
Diverticula are small, saccular, mucosal herniations through the muscular wall of the colon. They may occur in any part of the colon, but most frequently in the sigmoid region. Recent evidence confirms that a highly-refined, low-residue diet plays an important role in the formation of diverticula. The lack of dietary bulk is associated with spasm of the musculature of the colon, especially in the sigmoid. Pressure in the lumen builds up and the mucosa eventually pushes through the muscular coat at weak points.
When this condition persists for any length of time, fecal matter and toxins accumulate in the diverticula and inflammation occurs. If causes are not removed and the condition worsens, ulceration may occur with bleeding. With repeated inflammation, the colon wall thickens, the lumen narrows, and acute obstruction may occur.
This condition need not progress to this point. When the body is supplied with the requirements for health, these diverticula will heal and inflammation will subside.
Dyspepsia, commonly referred to as “heartburn” is described as a feeling of gaseousness, fullness or pain that is gnawing or burning and localized to the stomach and esophagus.
Indulgence of alcoholic beverages markedly increases the symptoms of heartburn. A pattern of eating foods that are incompatible in digestive chemistry, such as starches with proteins, may cause the problem.
When starches and proteins or proteins and sugars are eaten together, emptying time of the stomach is delayed. When the delay is rather prolonged, the acid contents of the stomach are regurgitated or backflowed from the stomach into the esophagus. This is very irritating. It can cause the stomach and esophagus to be inflamed and ulcerated.
Celiac Disease (Non tropical Sprue)
This is chronic intestinal malabsorption caused by sensitivity to the gliadin fraction of gluten, a cereal protein found in wheat and rye, and to a lesser degree in barley and oats. Gliadin combines with other protein fractions within the body to form a new complex in the intestinal mucosa that promote the aggregation of lymphocytes. In some way, this results in mucosal damage with loss of villi and proliferation of crypt cells.
The crypts glands of Lieberkuhn are lined by a low-columnar epithelium contiguous with that found on the villi. Cells in mitotic division are abundant in the epithelium of the crypt, and as newly-produced cells migrate upward, they differentiate either into absorptive epithelial ells with striated borders or into goblet cells that secrete mucus. If there is cellular damage of the villi, increased production of crypt cells from the crypts of Lieberkuhn will replace these damaged cells.
Symptoms may appear in infancy when the child begins to eat foods containing gluten or may not appear until adulthood. These symptoms are the result of deficiencies due to malabsorption. They may include anemia, weight-loss, bone pain, paresthesia, edema, skin disorders, etc.
Grains do not constitute part of a natural diet for humans. We are biologically frugivores and are adapted to eat fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds such as sunflower seeds that can be eaten and digested in their raw state. We are ill-equipped to handle the starch and protein found in grains.
However, the human body can accommodate to all sorts of diets. This does not mean that we can maintain optimum health on any diet other than our natural frugivorous one. If you become especially devitalized due to additional incorrect living habits, your body may no longer be able to maintain homeostasis. This is when such disorders as “celiac disease” occurs. When it occurs in infants, we must look to the health of the parents and prenatal nutrition for the reason of the disorders. Infants should not be fed anything except mother’s milk anyway, and when they are ready to be fed other foods, fruits are in order—not bread.
There is a simple solution to this “disease”—avoid all grains.
It is estimated that over 40 million people in the United States suffer from hemorrhoids. In a medical study at the world-famous Mayo Clinic, it was found that more than half (52%) of those examined proctoscopically had hemorrhoids. That study was done in 1959. Today statistics indicate that as many as four out of five people over 40 years of age have hemorrhoids.
What are hemorrhoids? Hemorrhoids (piles) are anal or rectal veins that have become swollen and inflamed. Such irritated blood vessels may remain entirely within the rectum where their presence may not be felt. As the condition worsens, they may slip out of the anus as firm projections and are often tender and painful. Discomfort may include itching, bleeding and mucus discharge. Physicians have cited a number of causes for this condition such as constipation, excessive sitting, straining to lift heavy objects, pregnancy and childbirth, excessive coughing or sneezing, etc. It is absurd to even consider any of these reasons for causes of the hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids are merely one symptom of total bodily impairment due to general unhealthful lifestyle. Improper diet and lack of exercise are important factors in the development of this condition. Hemorrhoids actually begin, most often, during the teens or early twenties but do not present themselves until a person is in his 30s or 40s. It takes that long for the abuse that we burden our bodies with to exceed the tolerance point. When the body becomes enervated through unhealthful practices, toxins accumulate in the body, cells become impaired, tissues become weakened, and acute “disease” results.
How Hemorrhoids Develop
To understand how hemorrhoids happen, you have to visualize the veins in the rectum and anus as being at the bottom of a long vertical column of blood. This means that the entire weight of this column bears on these small blood vessels exerting constant pressure. The pressure increases when you strain to stool—particularly if the stool is hard and dry and takes more than usual effort to move out of the rectum.
The hemorrhoidal veins are especially thin-walled, so they can expand to four or five times their normal size. After the stool and the pressure pass, the veins slowly shrink back to their normal size. However, if the straining occurs frequently and the veins are especially thin-walled and weak, they will stay swollen and not shrink.
Thus engorged with nonflowing blood, the veins bear the pressure of defecation, causing the hemorrhoidal veins to “pop.” Lifting a heavy object can do this too. The swollen veins produce a vague feeling of fullness, perhaps some itching, and even pain. Not only are some hemorrhoidal veins affected, but other blood vessels can rupture and leak blood under the surface. If you continue to have hard-dry stools and keep up the straining, the sack that is the hemorrhoid may tear a bit and leak. As a result you will find fresh, red blood on the toilet paper and even in the toilet bowl.
So what is the solution? Take laxatives? Surgery? If straining or hard dry stools were the irritating cause we must then look to the underlying cause. What caused the constipation? Look to your own violations of life’s laws for the answers.
Kinds of Hemorrhoids
There are three kinds of hemorrhoids—external, anal, and internal. External hemorrhoids are located around the edge of the anus. They are not troublesome unless a blood clot forms or the hemorrhoid may be injured and ruptured in this particular type of pile by individuals who assume that it is an internal hemorrhoid that has protruded and attempt to replace it within the anus with their fingers. Since an external pile cannot be displaced, this would be impossible.
The anal hemorrhoid is found within the anal canal and is situated between the external and internal hemorrhoid. The internal hemorrhoid is above the anal canal and is covered by the mucous membrane of the rectum. One great difference between the external and anal and the internal is that there is very little bleeding associated with the external and anal hemorrhoid, whereas bleeding with internal hemorrhoids is often one of the earliest symptoms.
A blood clot (thrombosed hemorrhoid) occurs when the vein has ruptured and some blood has escaped into the surrounding tissue. This condition causes considerable pain and tenderness in the immediate area.
Blood clots may appear at three different locations in the area of the anal canal:
- Beneath anal skin—The type of blood clot most frequently experienced is that which develops beneath the modified anal skin (just within the anal opening). The swelling causes the clot to bulge outside the anus. This bulge has the appearance of a firm grape, being tender to the touch and impossible to permanently tuck back within the anus. This swelling causes pain similar to that of a large blood blister. This condition is often referred to as an “attack of hemorrhoids” or a “swelling of hemorrhoidal tissue due to inflammation.” Hemorrhoids do not “attack” you, they are developed due to a toxic condition that undermines blood vessels’ vitality.
- Beneath mucosa—When the blood clot occurs beneath
the mucous membrane lining of the anal canal, it is rarely noticed due to the lack of sensitivity of that tissue.
- Beneath external skin—Blood clots may also appear in tissue that is completely outside of the anus. This is often the result of prolapse of a strangulated internal hemorrhoid which obstructs the circulation, thereby causing clotting to occur in the adjacent external mass. This form of blood clot can be extremely painful.
Blood clots will always disappear on their own without any outside “assistance.” The body’s innate wisdom knows how to take care of such abnormalities. This fact is taken advantage of by many drug manufacturers. When a person purchases a product that is claimed to “relieve hemorrhoidal symptoms” and the pain does, indeed, go away, the product is given the credit. If nothing was done at all, the pain would disappear equally as fast if not faster.
On August 28, 1964, the Federal Trade Commission filed a complaint alleging that American Home Products (the manufacturer of Preparation H) was guilty of making “false advertisements” implying “that the use of Preparation H Ointment and suppositories” would:
- Reduce or shrink piles;
- Avoid the need for surgery as a treatment for piles;
- Eliminate all itch due to or ascribed to piles;
- Relieve all pain attributed to or caused by piles;
- Heal, cure or remove piles, and cause piles to cease to be a problem.”
The government called nine qualified witnesses, each specializing in proctology. During the testimony before the hearing examiner, it was noted that the discomforts of hemorrhoids frequently subside spontaneously. Dr. Hopping said, “Nature and the resources of the body frequently take care of the immediate acute situation and heal it in the course of time.
They (the drugs) don’t heal the hemorrhoids.” Another witness, Dr. Eisenberg, said during testimony, “Just mother nature and time, both of which are excellent helpers, and we see patients many times who have made appointments for an acute episode of what they call hemorrhoids and if we are not able to see them for several days, by the time they come in, much of their symptomology has been relieved, spontaneously, though they have done nothing. So we know from experience that many of these complications will subside spontaneously.”
Why You Have Hemorrhoids
Concerning the reason for this condition, Susanna May Dodds, M.D. states, “The predisposing causes of this affection are essentially the same as of constipation; the habitual use of seasonings and condiments, or of fine flour bread or other concentrated food, is a leading factor in either case.”
Instead of examining the general lifestyle, most people take medications to suppress the symptoms of hemorrhoids. Besides being almost totally ineffective, much harm may result. It has been estimated that at least ninety out of each hundred persons who use these specifics for the “cure” of their hemorrhoids, are decidedly injured by their use, and the remaining ten, though not sensibly injured, are not sensibly benefited.
The reason for this failure to “cure” the piles by specific medication grows out of a misunderstanding of the nature of disease. Physicians have led people to believe that disease is local in its origin as well as in its nature. In truth, piles are of a secondary nature resulting from a general toxic and enervated condition of the body.
When drugs are administered for any reason, the body attempts to relieve itself of these powerful poisons. As this practice is repeated, the body becomes more and more enervated, all organs become depleted of vital energy, bowels become sluggish and constipation results. Subsequently, inflammation of the very lower portion of the bowel sets in that eventually gives rise to hemorrhoid formation.
When enervation and toxicosis do not result from taking poisonous medications, they are very likely to occur when the individual leads a sedentary lifestyle, uses concentrated and refined foods, eats foods that are highly seasoned and stimulating, and neglects the other requirements for health. When such enervating habits are persisted in, the bowels become deranged and the nervous energy upon which all activity depends becomes deficient.
Congestion of the blood vessels occurs and soon tumorous-type growths appear and become excessively painful. Whenever the person experiences a bowel movement, the veins become large and under the pressure of the sphincter muscle, become so overloaded with blood and toxic material that this pus and fluid escape and the person has what is called “bleeding hemorrhoid.”
What to Do If You Have Hemorrhoids
Dr. James C. Jackson supervised many chronically sick
individuals at his institute at Dansville, New York. His natural approach to health produced beneficial results in every case. Concerning hemorrhoids, he said:
“Let these rules then, be laid down for the treatment of piles:
- Purgatives should never be taken. Persons who take internal medicine for piles make a mistake. No one is ever benefited by them, nor is there any real benefit derivable from any one of the panaceas. Quack medicines are all delusions, thorough cheats, doing no good. If one is relieved thereby he is, as I have before stated, more likely than not to have, as a substitute for the piles, a disease still worse.
- Whoever having piles would get rid of them must eat unstimulating, simple food. Meats, cakes, dressings of rich gravies for the table, must be abandoned, and in their place vegetables and fruits substituted. Then, if the person is so situated as not to overtax the nervous system by labor or thought, and can give to himself or herself plenty of time in the open air whereby to re-invigorate the blood and make it pure, there is good chance that the person may recover.”
Since hemorrhoids develop due to a general condition of toxicosis, you should consider the body as a unit and aim for total health. In other words, when general health is achieved, the hemorrhoids will disappear on their own. This can be achieved only through healthful living.
Frequently Asked Questions
Does constipation cause hemorrhoids?
It is a common conception that constipation causes hemorrhoids and so laxatives are taken. The fact is, constipation does not cause hemorrhoids. It may be an irritating factor resulting in bleeding of the hemorrhoids if the stools are very hard but it is not a causative factor. The bowels are sluggish due to debility of the colon resulting from general systemic enervation and toxicosis.
Why are you against the use of all types of laxatives?
The use of laxatives leads to the very condition they are claimed to remedy. The Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs (1973) states: "Chronic constipation frequently begins during adolescence. The use of laxative agents probably plays a significant role. Many persons begin the use of such agents while in their teens. By the time they become adults, many persons cannot remember when they could maintain themselves without a laxative agent ..."
The editors of Consumer Reports tell us: "The misuse of laxatives is another important cause of chronic constipation. Moreover, there are comparatively few users of cathartics (laxatives) who have not suffered from fissure of the anus or hemorrhoids. If you think you have chronic constipation, the first thing to do is stop taking laxatives."
Mineral oil is one of the most frequent ingredients in laxatives. The dangers associated with its ingestion include:
- Chronic constipation.
- Incompetence of the ileocecal sphincter (this sphincter's function is to prevent backflow of fecal content from the colon into the small intestine).
- Rectal leakage and resulting irritation.
- Malabsorption of nutrients.
- Foods remain in the stomach longer, resulting in putrefaction and fermentation with by-products of toxin bacterial metabolism.
- Lipid pneumonia, a condition where mineral oil has coated the pharynx, thereby gaining access to the trachea and then the lungs.
As you can see, much harm may result from taking laxatives. This is a fragmented approach anyway. You cannot achieve health by palliating symptoms. You must examine your total way of living and correct those errors that caused sickness.
Should I take bran to ensure regular bowel movements?
Many articles and books have been written about the necessity of fiber in our diet. Bran has been claimed to be the ideal fiber to alleviate constipation and to prevent its reoccurrence. A high-fiber diet is supposed to prevent cancer of the colon and assorted other ailments. This again is a fragmented approach with a fragmented food.
Bran is the outer fibrous layer of grains. It is entirely indigestible and passes through the intestinal tract virtually unchanged. Bran does absorb water in the large intestine and this is why it is thought to be a "sure cure" for constipation since more bulky stools result.
Constipation is an indication of total ill health. It is not a separate "disease" in itself or an occurrence that is independent from the rest of the body. When we eat the wrong food, get insufficient rest and sleep, lead a completely sedentary life and disobey the other requirements for health, our entire body is affected. All bodily systems will eventually become weakened and this includes the bowels and constipation results.
It has been suggested that if a person prefers a diet devoid of the natural fibers found in vegetables, fruits and
nuts, then bran should be consumed. This is nonsense. There are few people who would not rather eat a juicy piece of watermelon, or a nice sweet orange or a ripe banana than some dry tasteless bran. The fresh fruits will not only provide us with a delightful meal but will supply all necessary nutrients needed to maintain total health. A vital body and colon have no problems.
In addition to being a fragmented food in itself devoid of calories and nutrients, bran is very irritating to the intestinal tract. There are many sharp protrubances on the bran that cause intestinal irritation. Also, a great deal of vital energy is needed to eliminate this worthless fiber. It takes a minimum of twenty-four hours to process bran once it has been ingested.
Wheat and other grains contain large amounts of phytic acid. This compound reduces the absorption of iron in the small intestine. Consuming bran in the amount usually recommended (about one tablespoon before each meal) may result in iron deficiency due to being bound by phytic acid.
Raw Food Explained: Life Science
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